COMMERCIAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS: A BRIEF GUIDE

COMMERCIAL FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS: A BRIEF GUIDE

The Two Basic Types

of commercial fire alarm systems

The Two Basic Types

of commercial fire alarm systems

These systems link each initiating device to the control panel on its own wire and can be set up in zones. When an initiating device is triggered, the system can identify the zone of the device, which can help to narrow down the location of the fire, saving crucial time for first responders.

This is a digital system and each device has its own address on the system, which means you can identify the exact location of the triggered device and send fire personnel directly to the location of the fire. All devices are connected on one wire that is looped to the control panel. If one end is damaged, the system can still send communications to the control panel through the other end of the loop. Because each device sits in a loop isolation module, the circuit isn’t broken if it becomes disconnected or damaged.

common components

common components

Today’s commercial fire alarm systems are able to detect an issue, generate an alarm to alert people in the building and send information to the monitoring company so that emergency responders can be dispatched. The monitoring company may have protocol for verifying if this is a legitimate alarm. Verification could be a phone call or accessing a video feed of the commercial space.

Control Panel

The Control Panel monitors input and system integrity and controls output and sends information.

Power Supplies

Both primary and secondary (back-up) are required.

Building Safety Interfaces

Building Safety Interfaces help people exit the building safely by utilizing exit lighting and ventilation systems that redirect smoke.

Notification Appliances

Notification Appliances alert building occupants to fire. Sirens, speakers, and flashing lights are some examples of notification appliances.

Initiating Devices

Initiating Devices are the components that indicated that there is a fire emergency. There are two types of Initiating Devices, manual and automatic. Manual Initiation requires an individual to trigger the alarm. These are commonly pull stations or push buttons. Automatic alarms can measure smoke, heat, CO2, and flames.

Additional Features

Commercial Fire Alarm Systems may also feature sprinklers, remote display, control panels, two-way communications, fire doors, and elevator real capabilities. Some systems may be integrated with other security systems or smart office technology.